Software development methodology refers to the framework or process used to develop software applications.
It provides a set of guidelines, principles, and best practices for managing the software development life cycle (SDLC) and delivering high-quality software within a specified timeframe and budget.
What is System Development Life Cycle?
A system development life cycle or SDLC is fundamentally a project management model. It defines different stages that are necessary to bring a project from its initial idea or conception all the way to deployment and potentially maintenance stage.
There are several software development methodologies, and each has its own unique characteristics, advantages, as well as disadvantages. Here are some of the most common methodologies:
- Waterfall methodology: A linear and sequential approach where each stage of the SDLC is completed before moving on to the next one.
- Agile methodology: An iterative and flexible approach that emphasizes collaboration, continuous improvement, and delivering working software in short timeframes.
- Scrum methodology: A subset of Agile that focuses on small, cross-functional teams working in short sprints to deliver working software.
- Kanban methodology: A visual framework for managing work in progress, using a pull system to prioritize tasks and limit work in progress.
- Lean methodology: A methodology that emphasizes reducing waste and maximizing customer value by continuously improving processes.
- DevOps methodology: A methodology that integrates development and operations teams to improve software delivery speed, quality, and reliability.
Choosing the right methodology for a software development project depends on various factors, such as project scope, team size, budget, as well as timeline.