# What Are Recursive Functions? recursive functions

A recursive function is one which defines a problem in terms of itself.

A recursive function calls itself directly or indirectly until it is stopped. If it is not stopped, then it will call itself forever.

Recursive functions let you perform a unit of work multiple times.

And while it is similar to the workings of a for / while loop, using recursive solutions affords a unique, faster and much more elegant approach to solving a problem.

Let’s write a countdown function, shall we:

1. Using Loop.
``````countDown = (num) => {
for(let i = num; i>0; i--){
console.log(i);
}
}
countDown(6) //5,4,3,2,1``````

2. Using Recursion

``````countDown = (num) => {
if(num === 0)
return 0;
console.log(num);
countDown(num-1);
}
countDown(6) //5,4,3,2,1``````

Base Case

A recursive function usually contains what is referred to as a base case.

A base case is a condition that checks and stops the recursion.

In our above example, the condition:

``````if(num === 0)
return 0;``````

is the base case, a condition that checks our program.

Task: sum all numbers until the given one.

Solution:

Using recursion …

``````function sumAll(val){
if(n === 0){
return 0;
}else{
return val +=sumAll(val-1)
}
}